Dec 28, 2015

Essay on 'My Aim in Life' in Hindi For class 5 | जीवन का उद्देश्य निबंध

हर एक व्यक्ति का एक सपना होता है ।।
इस सपने से जीवन मे एक उद्देश्य पैदा होता है।

जिसके साथ हर एक व्यक्ति अपने सपने को पूरा करना चाहता है ।
ऐसा करके प्रत्येक व्यक्ति अपने गुणों को साबित करना चाहता है।
उद्देश्य से जीवन मे एक दिशा मिलती है , जिसपर चलकर हम अपने सपने को पूरा कर सकते हैं ।
ऐसा इसलिए होता है क्योंकि हर व्यक्ति अपने सपने को बहुत प्यार करता है ।
मेरा सपना है की मई एक कंप्यूटर इंजिनियर बानू ।
और इसकी सहयता से अपने देश के विकाश मे योगदान करूँ ।
इसके लिए मई कंप्यूटर मे अधिक परिश्रम करता हूँ ।
मै कंप्यूटर मे हमेशा अच्छा नंबर लाता हूँ ।
मेरा संकल्प है की भारत के गावों को कंप्यूटर मे शिक्षित करें और गावों की जनसंख्या को मूल धारा मे जोड़ें ।
जिससे हमारे देश के विकाश की क्षमता बढ़ जाए ।
जब गावों की शक्ति शहर से जुड़ेगी तभी हम पूर्ण शक्ति हशिल कर पाएँगे ।
इसमे कंप्यूटर इंजिनियर की भूमिका सबसे अधिक है ।
इसीलिए मै अपना उद्देश्या पूरा करने मे पूरी ताक़त लगा रहा हूँ ।
यही मेरे जीवन का उद्देश्य है ।

उम्मीद है जीवन का उद्देश्य निबंध आपको पसंद आया होगा ।


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Dec 16, 2015

Essay on Republic Day in Hindi for kids

Point Wise essay on Republic Day of India :

  • भारत ने 26 जनवरी 1950 को गणतंत्रता प्राप्त की थी ।
  • गणतंत्र का मतलब स्वयं शासन करने वाला राष्ट्र है।
  • गणतंत्र दिवस का दिन भारत में संविधान का आने के अस्तित्व को सम्मानित करता है
  • भारत का संविधान भारत की संविधान सभा द्वारा अनुमोदित किया गया था ।
  • इस दिन को पूर्ण स्वराज के सम्मान के लिए चुना गया था ।
  • पूर्ण स्वराज लाहौर में 26 जनवरी 1930 को घोषित किया गया था।
  • स्थायी संविधान का मसौदा बनाने के लिए 28 अगस्त 1947 को एक समिति बनाई गई थी ।
  • बी आर अम्बेडकर इस समिति के अध्यक्ष थे। ।
  • सबसे पहले संविधान का मसौदा समिति द्वारा तैयार किया गया था ।
  • समिति 4 नवम्बर 1947 को विधानसभा के लिए मसौदा प्रस्तुत की। ।
  • इस विधानसभा में 166 दिनों के लिए खुला सार्वजनिक सत्र का आयोजन किया गया था ।
  • यह संविधान का अंतिम मसौदा पूरा करने में लगभग तीन साल (2 साल 11 महीने और 18 दिन) लगा था । ।
  • 308 सदस्यों के संविधान की दो प्रतियों (एक अंग्रेजी में और एक हिंदी में ) पर हस्ताक्षर किया गया था ।
  • यह दुनिया में सबसे लंबे समय में तैयार किए जाने वाला संविधान है। ।
  • उस समय संविधान में 395 लेख, 22 भाग और 8 कार्यक्रम था।।
  • डॉ बी.आर. अम्बेडकर व्यापक रूप से भारतीय संविधान के जनक के रूप में माने जाते हैं।।
  • गणतंत्र दिवस नई दिल्ली में राजपथ पर मनाया जाता है। ।
  • उत्सव राष्ट्रपति के सामने होता है । ।
  • राज्यपालों द्वारा भी अपने-अपने राज्यों की राजधानियों में भारतीय झंडा फहरा जाता है। ।
  • सभी राज्यों को नई दिल्ली में राजपथ पर उनके मुख्य नृत्य या सांस्कृतिक कला को दिखाने का अवसर प्राप्त होता है ।।
  • सैन्य परेड और गतिविधियों उत्सव का बहुत महत्वपूर्ण हिस्से हैं। ।
  • गणतंत्र दिवस का अवकाश भारत में तीन राष्ट्रीय अवकाश में से एक है। ।
  • अपने देश के वर्तमान क्षमता को जानने के लिए यह दिवस हमे ज़रूर देखना चाहिए ।
  • ऐसा इस लिए क्योंकि हमारे बच्चे देश के आगामी समय के भविस्या हैं इसलिए उन्हें अपने देश के लक्ष्य को जानना चाहिए ।
- भारत के गणतंत्र दिवस पर अंग्रेजी में निबंध
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Dec 13, 2015

The Village Schoolmaster (Poetry) English Literature For Class 8

-   Oliver Goldsmith    
Reference to Context

(1) "Beside you straggling fence that skirts the way."

Q (a) Describe the place where the schoolmaster taught his little school.

Ans:The school is situated in a village where there is a abundance of green bush .Bordered with an irregular fence stands a big building where his village master taught the little school.

Q (b) Explain straggling fence and unprofitably gay.

Ans:Straggling fence means irregular fence bordering the village school.It means uselessly bright this beauty served no purpose because there was body to admire it.

Q (c) Reference to the extract describe the schoolmaster .

Ans:The poet portraits disciplanarian. He was a man of stern appearance and every indisciplined student knew that they could not take liberties with him. Inspite of his strict exterior the school master was a hind man and had a love for knowledge and his pupils.

Q (d) Who laughed? Why did they laugh with counterfeited glee?

Ans:The indisciplined and idle student laughed with counterfeited glee . The master could tell many joked and even if the students did not feel like laughing at those jokes yet they pretended to be happy or merry to impress their teacher.

Q (e) Explain the line "The days disaster in his morning face."

Ans:Day's disaster means the misfortunes that were going to occur that day for the indisciplined students in the school .Morning face means expression seen on schoolmaster's face in the morning.

Q (f) How did the people who laugh reacted when he frowned?

Ans: When truants and his other student found that the schoolmaster was not in the good mood,they would know before hand that day would bring disaster for them. The schoolmaster would punish them strictly for their little faults.


Reference to Context

(2) Yet, he was hind, or if severe in ought.


Q (a)The poet has earlier referred to the schoolmaster as stern and strict.What reason doer he attribute later for this?

Ans: Schoolmaster was a kind-hearted teacher.He used to act though so that his students could develop a love for learning and become responsible citizens.

Q (b) What opinion the villagers have of him?

Ans: The whole of the village was in awe of his knowledge and his ability to solve problems effortlessly.

Q (c) What different qualities did the schoolmaster has?

Ans: The village schoolmaster could easily measure distance ,area and volume. He could deliver the accurate meanings of various expressions and could also predict the seasons and the events of the future .Everyone acknowledge that he was good at debating because he had the shill to continue with his arguments when he had lost the debate.

Q (d) Elaborate on his argumentative shills.

Ans:The schoolmaster had a good argumentative skill and could continue with his arguments even when has lost the debate.The village loved to gather around him to listen his learned words that were uttered in a high pitched voice.

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In the Bazaars of Hyderabad Question Answer for class 8 , 10 English Literature

-Sarojini Naidu.

For class 10 level Read at bottom part.

Reference to The Context

(1) What do you sell, O ye Merchants? Richly your wares are displayed.

Q ( a ):    Where are the merchants? What are they doing ?

Ans. :    The merchants were in the Bazaars of Hyderabad.They were selling costly goods.

Q ( b ):    Name the goods on sell in this patricular shop.Describe their colourful appearance.

Ans. :    The goods on sale were turban, tunics, mirrors and daggers. The turbans were red and silver colour, tunics were made of shining purple brocade, mirrors were framed with yellow amber and the daggers had handles of jade.

Q ( c ):    Give the meaning of mirrors with panels of amber.

Ans. :    The mirrors sold by the merchants in the bazaar were framed with a yellow colour stone.

Q ( d ):    Who are likely to buy the tunics of purple brocade and daggers with handles of jade?

Ans. :    Rich mens of Hyderabad like the Nizams and the noble were to buy these costly items.

(2) What do you sell, O ye Merchants? Richly your wares are displayed.

Q ( a ):    How are the flowers used both in happy and sad occasion?

Ans. :    The flower girls were selling flowers for both happy and sad occasion. They were making crown and garlands for the marriage ceremony. Chaplets were made to decorate the bed of bridegroom.The flowers girls were also making a sheet of white flower to cover the dead bodies.

Q ( b  ):    What are the flower girls selling?

Ans. :    The flower girls are selling tasstles of blue and red colour flowers, crowns for the bridegroom , chaplets to decorate the bed of the bridegroom and sheets of white flower to cover the dead body

Q ( c ):    For what purpose were the crowns chaplets and garlands used?

Ans. :    The crowns were used for the brow of a bridegroom, chaplets and garland were used to decorate the bed a bridegroom.

(3) What do you weigh , O ye vendors?

Q ( a  ):    What items mentioned in the extract are sold by weight and what items are sold by numbers?

Ans. :    Saffron , tentil ,rice , sandalwood,henna and spices are sold by weight.Chessmen and ivory doce are sold by number.

Q ( b ):    Name two items of entertainment sold there?

Ans. :    Chessmen and wory dice are the two items of entertainment sold in the bazaar

Q ( c  ):    What are vendors and pedlars

Ans. :    Vendors and peddlars referred to the sellers to go about with goods for sale.

(4) What do you make , O ye goldsmiths ?

Q ( a):    What type of shop is referred to in the extract?

Ans. :    It reffers to the gold shop where gold ornaments are being made.

Q ( b):    What do you understand by girdles and scabbards?

Ans. :    Girdles are the ornaments worn around the waist by the dancers and scabbards are the sword cases used to keep the sword by the kings

Q ( c):    What items made of gold were on sell ?

Ans. :    The Goldsmiths are selling wristlet, anklet, rings , girles for dancers, scabbard for the king and bells for the feet of blue pigeons.

Q ( d):    What is meant by , 'Frail as a dragon-fly's wing.'?

Ans. :    The above phrase means that the goldsmith makes small golden bells as delicate as the wing of dragon fly .These bells are used for the feet of blue pigeons.

Q ( e):    What items on sale were used by the king, dancers and other people?

Ans. :    King used the scabbard made of gold dancers used girdles and wristlet, anklet, ring are purchased by all the rich people.


Question: Make a list of food items and cosmetics items in the extract .

Ans: The food items are lentil, rice, spices and saffron. The cosmetic items are sandalwood, henna and saffron


REFERENCE TO THE CONTEXT OF In the Bazaars of Hyderabad FOR CLASS 10

"What do you sell O ye merchants?........Daggers with handles of jade."

a)Where are the merchants?What are they doing? What is meant by"Richly displayed"?

Ans. :   The merchants are in the bazaars of Hyderabad with their merchandise displayed extensively in the market.

They are busy in displaying and selling their merchandise.

They have displayed their items of sale mesmerizingly.Their items are mainly attractive and charming in nature.

b)Enumerate the good on sale in this particular shop.Describe their colourful appearance.

Ans. :    The items displayed in this particular shop are crimson, silver turban,purple brocade tunics, mirrors framed in amber and daggers of jade.

c)Why does the poet begin the stanza with a question? What does the poet use to describe the scene?

Ans. :   The poet began the poem with a question to bring out the splendid quality of the hyderabad bazaar.

The other devices used in the poem are simile, repetition, lyrical poetry, rhyming scheme and imagery.

d)Give the meaning of :

i)Mirrors with panels of amber.

Ans. :   Mirrors are framed in amber

ii)Scabbards of gold for the king

Ans. :   Sheaths of gold for the kings to keep their swords

e)Who are likely to buy tunics of purple brocade and daggers with handles of jade?

Ans. :   The rich people are likely to buy purple brocade tunics and daggers with handles of precious stone jade.

f)Explain which senses are stimulated by the goods displayed in the extract appeal.

Ans. :   The senses of sight are stimulated by the goods displayed in the extract because the items like amber,jade, purple colour tunics and the colourful turbans enhance the sightful senses with their rich quality.

"What do you weigh,O ye vendors?.......Chessmen and ivory dice"

a)What are referred to chessmen and Ivory dice?Where are these used?

Ans. :   The items of recreation has been referred to as chessmen and ivory dice. they are used in recreation process.

b)What items mentioned in the extract are sold by weight and what items are sold by numbers?

Ans. :   The items sold by weight are saffron, lentil, sandalwood and rice.The items sold by numbers are chessmen and ivory dice.

c)Who are referred to as vendors,pedlars and merchants?

Ans. :   The people selling saffron, lentil, and rice are referred to as vendor.The people associated with the selling of chessmen and ivory dice are pedlars and people selling elements of gold are referred to as gold.

d)make a list of food items, cosmetic items and items used in recreation in the extract.

Ans. :   The list of food items include lentil, saffron and rice.The cosmetic list comprises of sandalwood and henna and the recreation list includes chessmen and ivory dice.

e)How do the items in the extract have an impact on senses of sight and taste of the customers?

Ans. :   The Recreation items like chessmen and ivory dice have an effect on the sight of the people.The taste of customers includes the items saffron, rice and lentil.

"What do you make,O ye goldsmiths........Scabbards of gold for the king."

a)What type of shop is referred in the extract? what is meant by'girdles of gold' and'Scabbard of gold'?

Ans. :   The goldsmith shop is referred here in the given extract. The merchants are selling the gold girdles for the dancers where they wear it on their waist and the golden scabbards for the king to keep their sword.

b)WHat items are made of gold were on sale? What does the gold jewellery reveal about the status of the owners and of those who wear this jewellery?

Ans. :   The items of gold that were on sale were anklets, ring, wristlets, girdles for dancers and scabbards for king's sword.The golden jewellery which is wore by the rich and the kings are also displayed in the market.

c)Why do you think bells are tied to the feet of blue pigeons? What items on sale were used by king, dancers and other people?

Ans. :   The bells are tied to the feet of the blue pigeons because they are as delicate as the dragonfly's wings. Therefore they are light in weight and can be easily tied to their feet. The kings used the golden scabbard for their sword, the dancers use the golden girdles and other people wearing the anklets, wristlets and the rings.

d)What is meant by:"Frail as a dragon-fly's wing"? State how apt is the expression frail in the context of the poem?

Ans. :   The meaning of the given line is that the bells were as delicate as the wings of dragon fly. The poet wanted to express the delicacy of the bells, therefore, the use of expression frail is perfect in the poem.

e)What do you think that the poet describes the Indian goods at the Indian bazaars?

Ans. :   the poet has described the Indian goods at the Indian bazaar because during the British rule British goods were sold in the Indian bazaar instead of Indian manufactured goods.Therefore the poet is trying to glorify the Indian goods so that people boycott the foreign good, ultimately to corporate in Indian independence.

"What do you cry,O ye fruitmen?........Spells for aeons to come."

a)Which fruits and musical instruments were displayed in the bazaar?

Ans. :   Fruits like citron, pomegranate and plum were displayed by the fruitmen in the bazaar. musical Instruments like Sitar, Sarangi and drum were exhibited by the musicians in the bazaar.

b)What does the poet ask the musicians as well as the magicians?

Ans. :   The poet enquires with the musicians that what musical instrument do they play and asks the magicians What spells are they chanting by themselves.

c)Give the meaning of:)Spells for aeons to come.

Ans. :   The meaning of the given line is that:the magicians are chanting magical spell to charm all ages to come.

d)How is the whole poem Indian in the context and presentation?

Ans. :   The poem 'In the Bazaars Of Hyderabad' was penned down during the time when India was under the subjugation of British rule. Since newspapers were banned that time Sarojini Naidu came up with the idea of writing poetry to convey and spread the message of the Indian Independence struggle. Through this poem, the poet is trying to remind the Indians about the variety of good available in the market and pursuing to buy Swadeshi(Indian) goods and boycott foreign goods.

e)Why are the magicians present in the bazaar?

Ans. :   The magicians are present in the bazaar to chant spells so that it can bring charm for the ages to come.

f)What in the poem has appealed to you? Give reasons for your opinion.

Ans. :    The poem 'In the Bazaars Of Hyderabad' is a typical example of folk of the city Hyderabad. The colourful and enchanting description of the Hyderabad bazaar appealed to me to a great extent. The poem is comprehensive of all the divergent elements of a charming Indian traditional bazaar where we can find about the activities of the varied shopkeepers like merchants, goldsmiths, pedlars, vendors, fruitmen, musicians etc. Also, we can find reference to the common mass who are engulfed in the activity of buying the displayed goods. The mesmerizing bazaar has got a panoramic view of the colours, sound, smell and sights of an Indian traditional market. The varied items displayed in the market has a soothing effect on the minds of the readers. Daily used items mainly include cereals, fruits, cosmetics, recreation items and also items of specific uses like bells for the feet of blue pigeons, girdles for dancers and sheaths for the king's sword. The bazaars also encompassed the merchandise items like crimson, silver turbans, purple brocade etc.

"What do you weave, O ye flower-girls......To perfume the sleep of the dead."

a)How does the poet highlight the occupation of the simple people in India?

Ans. :    Sarojini Naidu's poems are characterised by the theme of folk. This poem'In the Bazaars Of Hyderabad' is a typical example of folk of the city Hyderabad. The poetess has vividly elucidated about the mortals and their pursuit of the enchanted city. The occupation of the simple and common mass has been clearly highlighted in a lucid way where the people of the city are especially busy in purchasing and selling their products. There are divergent shop keepers comprising the Hyderabad market that mainly includes merchants, vendors, maidens, pedlars, goldsmiths, fruitmen, magicians etc.

b)How are the flowers used both in happy and sad occasions?

Ans. :   In the poem Flowers signify both the happy as well as the sad moments of the life. Regarding the happy moments the flowers are used for making the crown of the brow of the bridegroom and to decorate his nuptial bed whereas in sad moments of life these same flowers are used as garland for the grave of the dead.

c)For what purposes were the crowns, chaplets and garlands used?

Ans. :   Crowns are used for the brow of the bridegroom, chaplets are used for decorating his bed and the garlands to place it on the bed of dead to make their graves fragrant with the smell of the flowers. d)What is meant by 'tassels of azure and red'? What do azure and red signify?

Ans. :   The 'tassels of azure and red' meant the flower strands of sky-blue or azure and red colour. The colour of azure and red signify the happy moments of life. In this case, the reference of bridegroom's crown has been used to signify the cheerful juncture. These flowers are used for wedding purpose to make the crown as well as chaplets for decorating purpose.

e)What is the meaning and significance of:'To perfume the sleep of the dead'?

Ans. :   The significance of the given line is that the white coloured flowers are used as garlands to be placed on the grave of the dead person which its soothing smell perfumes the dead body or the grave of the person.


Improved version

Reference to The Context

(1) "What do you sell O ye merchants?........Daggers with handles of jade."

a)Where are the merchants? What are they doing? What is meant by"Richly displayed"?

Ans: The merchants are in the bazaars of Hyderabad with their merchandise displayed extensively in the market. They are busy in displaying and selling their merchandise. They have displayed their items of sale mesmerizingly. Their items are mainly attractive and charming in nature.

b)Enumerate the good on sale in this particular shop. Describe their colorful appearance.

Ans: The items displayed in this particular shop are crimson, silver turban, purple brocade tunics, mirrors framed in amber and daggers of jade.

c)Why does the poet begin the stanza with a question? What does the poet use to describe the scene?

Ans: The poet began the poem with a question to bring out the splendid quality of the Hyderabad bazaar. The other devices used in the poem are simile, repetition, lyrical poetry, rhyming scheme, and imagery.

d)Give the meaning of :

i)Mirrors with panels of amber.

Ans: Mirrors are framed in amber
ii)Scabbards of gold for the king

Ans:Sheaths of gold for the kings to keep their swords

e)Who are likely to buy tunics of purple brocade and daggers with handles of jade? Ans:The rich people are likely to buy purple brocade tunics and daggers with handles of precious stone jade.

f)Explain which senses are stimulated by the goods displayed in the extract appeal.

Ans: The senses of sight are stimulated by the goods displayed in the extract because the items like amber,jade, purple colour tunics and the colourful turbans enhance the sightful senses with their rich quality.

"What do you weigh, O ye vendors?.......Chessmen and ivory dice"

a)What is referred to as chessmen and Ivory dice? Where are these used?

Ans: The items of recreation has been referred to as chessmen and ivory dice. they are used in the recreation process. b)What items mentioned in the extract are sold by weight and what items are sold by numbers?

Ans: The items sold by weight are saffron, lentil, sandalwood, and rice. The items sold by numbers are chessmen and ivory dice.

c)Who is referred to as vendors, pedlars, and merchants?

Ans: The people selling saffron, lentil, and rice are referred to as a vendor. The people associated with the selling of chessmen and ivory dice are pedlars and people selling elements of gold are referred to as gold.

d) make a list of food items, cosmetic items, and items used in recreation in the extract.

Ans: The list of food items include lentil, saffron, and rice. The cosmetic list comprises of sandalwood and henna and the recreation list includes chessmen and ivory dice.

e)How do the items in the extract have an impact on the senses of sight and taste of the customers?

Ans: The Recreation items like chessmen and ivory dice have an effect on the sight of the people. The taste of customers includes the items saffron, rice, and lentil.

"What do you make, O ye goldsmiths?........Scabbards of gold for the king."

a)What type of shop is referred to in the extract? what is meant by'girdles of gold' and'Scabbard of gold'?

Ans: The goldsmith shop is referred to here in the given extract. The merchants are selling the gold girdles for the dancers where they wear it on their waist and the golden scabbards for the king to keep their sword.

b)What items are made of gold were on sale? What does the gold jewelry reveal about the status of the owners and of those who wear this jewelry?

Ans: The items of gold that were on sale were anklets, ring, wristlets, girdles for dancers and scabbards for the king's sword. The golden jewelry which is worn by the rich and the kings are also displayed in the market.

c)Why do you think bells are tied to the feet of blue pigeons? What items on sale were used by king, dancers and other people?

Ans: The bells are tied to the feet of the blue pigeons because they are as delicate as the dragonfly's wings. Therefore they are light in weight and can be easily tied to their feet. The kings used the golden scabbard for their sword, the dancers use the golden girdles and other people wore the anklets, wristlets and the rings.

d)What is meant by:"Frail as a dragon-fly's wing"? State how apt is the expression frail in the context of the poem?

Ans: The meaning of the given line is that the bells were as delicate as the wings of dragon-fly. The poet wanted to express the delicacy of the bells, therefore, the use of expression frail is perfect in the poem.

e)What do you think that the poet describes the Indian goods at the Indian bazaars?

Ans: the poet has described the Indian goods at the Indian bazaar because during the British rule British goods were sold in the Indian bazaar instead of Indian manufactured goods.Therefore the poet is trying to glorify the Indian goods so that people boycott the foreign good, ultimately to corporate in Indian independence.

"What do you cry, O ye fruitmen?........Spells for aeons to come."

a)Which fruits and musical instruments were displayed in the bazaar?

Ans: Fruits like citron, pomegranate and plum were displayed by the fruitmen in the bazaar. musical Instruments like Sitar, Sarangi and drum were exhibited by the musicians in the bazaar.

b)What does the poet ask the musicians as well as the magicians?

Ans: The poet enquires with the musicians that what musical instrument do they play and asks the magicians What spells are they chanting by themselves.

c)Give the meaning of:)Spells for aeons to come.

Ans: The meaning of the given line is that: the magicians are chanting a magical spell to charm all ages to come.

d)How is the whole poem Indian in the context and presentation?

Ans:The poem 'In the Bazaars Of Hyderabad' was penned down during the time when India was under subjugation of British rule. Since newspapers were banned that time Sarojini Naidu came up with the idea of writing poetry to convey and spread the message of the Indian Independence struggle. Through this poem, the poet is trying to remind the Indians about the variety of good available in the market and pursuing to buy Swadeshi(Indian) goods and boycott foreign goods.

e)Why are the magicians present in the bazaar?

Ans: The magicians are present in the bazaar to chant spells so that it can bring charm for the ages to come.

f)What in the poem has appealed to you? Give reasons for your opinion

Ans: The poem 'In the Bazaars Of Hyderabad' is a typical example of folk of the city Hyderabad. The colourful and enchanting description of the Hyderabad bazaar appealed to me to a great extent. The poem is comprehensive of all the divergent elements of a charming Indian traditional bazaar where we can find about the activities of the varied shopkeepers like merchants, goldsmiths, pedlars, vendors, fruitmen, musicians etc. Also, we can find reference of the common mass who are engulfed in the activity of buying the displayed goods. The mesmerizing bazaar has got a panoramic view of the colours, sound, smell and sights of an Indian traditional market. The varied items displayed in the market has a soothing effect on the minds of the readers. Daily used items mainly include cereals, fruits, cosmetics, recreation items and also items of specific uses like bells for the feet of blue pigeons, girdles for dancers and sheaths for the king's sword. The bazaars also encompassed the merchandise items like crimson, silver turbans, purple brocade etc.

"What do you weave, O ye flower-girls......To perfume the sleep of the dead."

a)How does the poet highlight the occupation of the simple people in India?

Ans: Sarojini Naidu's poems are characterised by theme of folk.This poem'In the Bazaars Of Hyderabad' is a typical example of folk of the city Hyderabad.The poetess has vividly elucidated about the mortals and their pursuit of the enchanted city. The occupation of the simple and common mass has been clearly highlighted in a lucid way where the people of the city are especially busy in purchasing and selling their products. There are divergent shop keepers comprising the Hyderabad market that mainly includes merchants, vendors, maidens, pedlars, goldsmiths, fruitmen, magicians etc.

b)How are the flowers used both in happy and sad occasions?

Ans: In the poem Flowers signify both the happy as well as the sad moments of life. Regarding the happy moments the flowers are used for making the crown of the brow of the bridegroom and to decorate his nuptial bed whereas in sad moments of life these same flowers are used as garland for the grave of the dead.

c)For what purposes were the crowns, chaplets and garlands used?

Ans: Crowns are used for the brow of the bridegroom, chaplets are used for decorating his bed and the garlands to place it on the bed of dead to make their graves fragrant with the smell of the flowers.

d)What is meant by 'tassels of azure and red'?What do azure and red signify?

Ans: The 'tassels of azure and red' meant the flower strands of sky-blue or azure and red colour. The color of azure and red signify the happy moments of life. In this case, the reference of bridegroom's crown has been used to signify the cheerful juncture. These flowers are used for wedding purpose to make the crown as well as chaplets for decorating purpose.

e)What is the meaning and significance of:'To perfume the sleep of the dead'?

Ans: The significance of the given line is that the white coloured flowers are used as garlands to be placed on the grave of the dead person which its soothing smell perfumes the dead body or the grave of the person.

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Nov 29, 2015

How to Make Star without Crossing Lines with MSWLogo

Step 1 : Firs we need to calculate the total angle of pentagon formed inside the star. The formula of total angle of a pentagon is 90x(2n-4). One internal angle is {90x(2n-4)}/n. Thus putting the value of n=5, we get internal angle as 1080 .

Step 2 : Therefore base angle of the highlighted triangle will be:
1800-1080 = 720.

Step 3 : Therefore angle on the joint of the lines at second turn as shown in the diagram will also be 72 as shown in the image.

Step 4 : Therefore the final command for making the star without crossing lines will be :
repeat 5 [ fd 200 rt 144 fd 200 lt 72] ↵  
That's all. If you have any problem in creating any shape with MSWLogo, then feel free to comment below.

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Learn Punctuation Part 1| English Grammar

I am period or full stop(.)

I am a question mark (?).

I am a exclamation mark. I am used for strong feelings (!).

I am a comma (,). I am used for a partial stop or to make a pause between thoughts .

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Nov 21, 2015

Essay on 'Autobiography of a Coin' in Hindi for Class 5th

मैं मुंबई के पास एक टकसाल में पैदा हुआ था। मैं बारह साल का हूँ और मैं मुंबई से कोलकाता के लिए भेजा गया था। आप जानते हैं, मैं कौन हूं। लगता है, मैं एक दो रुपए का सिक्का हूँ।

मैं तुम्हें उन दीनो के बारे मे बता रहा हू जो कुछ पहले बिताया था | जब मैं बनाया गया था तो मैं चमक रहा था, लेकिन एक आदमी जो मुझे ले जा रहा था, मुझे नीचे फेक दिया |मैं दुखी था। कोई भी मुझे देखा नही और मुझे देखे बिना, वे मुझ पर पैर रखे और दूर चले गये| मेरी चमक भी जल्द ही चली गयी थी। दिन इसी तरह गुजर रहे थे और मैं उसी क्रूर तरीके से चोट खा रहा था |

लेकिन एक दिन एक लड़की की आँख मुझ पर पड़ी | उसने मुझे अपने हाथो मे ले लिया और पेंसिल बॉक्स में मुझे रखा। उसका नाम स्मिता था। यह नई जगह अच्छा, शांत, सुरक्षित और मेरे लिए बेहतर था। मैं बहुत आराम से रहता था | मैं इस बॉक्स में दो से तीन दिन बिता चुका था| जब भी स्मिता पेंसिल बॉक्स खोलती थी, मुझे मुस्कुराता पाती थी| मुझे देखने के बाद, वह अपने मन में कुछ सोच रही थी| एक दिन स्मिता को एक पांच रुपए का सिक्का मिला | वह मेरे बगल में सिक्का रखी| अब मेरे पास एक दोस्त था; जिसके साथ मैं अपनी खुशियों, अच्छी और बुरी भावनाओं और मेरे जीवन के अनुभवों को बटा करता था| वह भी मेरे साथ बहुत खुश थी। क्या आपको पता है? उसके बाद क्या हुआ?

एक दिन स्मिता स्कूल बस पकड़ने की जल्दी में मुझे रास्ते पर गिरा दिया। मुझे देखे बिना वह मुझ पर अपने पैर रखा। मैं दर्द से रो रहा था| जब वह अपना पैर हटायी| मुझे कुछ राहत मिली और कुछ सांस लिया| यह क्या बुरा दिन था | स्मिता का भाई अरुण भी था; जो शरारती था और कभी किसी की सुनता नहीं था। अरुण मुझे अपने हाथ में लिया और एक कैंडी खरीदा और मुझे दुकानदार को दिया| वह मुझे बॉक्स में रखा। वहाँ भी मेरे जैसे सिक्के थे| फिर मुझे कई दोस्त मिले और मैं खुश था| मैं उन्हें अपने बुरे दीनो के बारे मे बताया। वे भी दु: खी थे और मेरी दुखद कहानी सुनकर रो रहे थे ,जबकि कुछ मुझ पर हँस रहे थे| कुछ दोस्तों ने कहा उन पर ध्यान ना दो |

Go to its English Version
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Nov 11, 2015

All Importnat Commands of MSWLogo For Students

Forward command- Press Enter Key (↵) after the command to execute the command. e.g. FD 100 ↵
Forward command- FD   e.g. FD 100↵ ::This command is used to move 100 units in forward direction.
Backward command-BK e.g. BK 100↵ ::This command is used to move 100 units in backward direction direction.
Screen clear command-CS e.g. CS↵: : This command is used to clear the screen of drawing area.
Clear text command -CT e.g.CT↵ :: This command is used to clear the text commands in the current command prompt window.
Pen UP Command-PU e.g. PU ↵:: This command is used to lift tracing of turtle during turtle positioning.
Pen Down Command-PD  e.g. PD ↵ :: This command is used to turn turtle to drawing mode.
Command-LT  e.g. LT 90↵ :: This command is used to turn left by 900
Command-RT  e.g. RT 120↵ :: This command is used to turn right by 1200
Reapeat Command-Repeat 4  e.g. repeat 4 [command here] ↵ :: This command is used to repeat the command of the inside bracket 4 times.
Penerase Command-Penerase  e.g. Penerase ↵ > BK 50 ↵ :: This command is used to set the pen at erase mode. If an line of 50 units is drawn previously then the example command erase that 50 units of line in backward direction.
Pennormal Command-Pennormal  e.g. Pennormal↵ :: This command is used to set the pen at normal mode. I mean to comeback from penerase mode to pennormal mode.
Show Turtle Command-ST  e.g.ST ↵ :: This command is used to show the turtle if it in hide mode.
Hide Turtle Command-HT  e.g.HT ↵ :: This command is used to hide the turtle.
Pen Size Command-SetPenSize [n n]  e.g. setpensize [5 5] ↵ :: This command is used to
Pen Color Command-SetPc [r g b]  e.g. setpc [204 200 150]↵ or setpc [50 158 25]↵ :: This command is used to set the color of the pen. The range of r or g or b is 0 to 255. We can also use mouse to set the color of pen.
Turtle position Command-Setpos [x y]  e.g.setpos [250 312] ↵ or setpos [-350 -312] :: This command is used to position the turtle according values of x-axis and y-axis values. Remember to use penup command to avoid drawing while positioning the turtle.
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Nov 3, 2015

मेरा पसंदीदा विषय इतिहास निबंध | My Favourite Subject History Essay in Hindi for Clasv10

यह जानकर आपको थोड़ा मजाक लगेगा कि मेरा प्रिय विषय  इतिहास है ,  लेकिन यही सच्चाई है ।

प्रायः विद्यार्थी के मुह से सुना जाता है कि आखिर  इतिहास विषय क्यों बनाया गयाII इतने राजाओं के नाम तथा उनके द्वारा लड़ी गई लड़ाइयों का विवरण याद करने से क्या लाभ  हैI इतना याद करना पड़ता है कि सिर फटने लगता है। सामने यदि ए राजा गण मिलते तो इनका गला दबा देताl बचपन में कुछ ऐसा ही अनुभव होता था I लेकिन इतिहास की सच्चाई मैंने अब जाना है ।

इन्हें यह पता ही नहीं कि  यदि इतिहास नहीं होता तो हमारा भविष्य ही नहीं रहता । हमें कौन बताता की होलोकास्ट के अत्याचार में कितनी तबाही हुई थी । महाभारत जैसी किताब के बारे में कैसे जानते। एक लाख चौबीस हजार नबी दुनिया में आए और दुनिया के रहस्य को बाताया । जीवन के के मकसद को बताया । ये कैसे मालूम होता । दुनिया के उत्थान पतन को कौन बताता। इस तरह इन महान सूचनाओं को तो इतिहास ही समेटे हुए है । चक्का कैसे मानव की जिंदगी बदल के रख दिया । विज्ञान किस किस दौर से गुजरा इसकी सच्चाई हमें कैसे मिलती । आज जो कुछ भी हो रहा है वह कितना सही कितना ग़लत है यह इतिहास ही तय करेगा। उसके बाद आज भी जो हम ग़लतियाँ कर रहे हैं उसका भुगतान हमे करना पड़ेगा। वह भुगतान ही हमे फिर वा ग़लती नही दुहराने देगा।

एतिहासिक भूल ही वर्तमान की शक्ल बिगाड़ देता है। और सकारात्मक तथा सुद्धढ़ एतिहासिक फैसले भविष्य को  उज्जवल बनाते है । हाथ से सामान गिरने के बाय पता चलता है कि यह सामान क्यों गिरा और हाथ में और हाथ के कार्य में क्या क्या खामियां थी I इसलिए भविष्य को जानने के लिए वर्तमान का इतिहास  बनना आवश्यक है। अर्थात किसी समय, घटना अर्थात किसी समय, घटना का इतिहास बनना यदि आवश्यक है तो उसका इतिहास पढ़ना भी जरूरी हो जाता है। हमें अपने आप को या किसी और को समझने के लिए हमें अपना या किसी और के बीते हुए घटनाओ, आचार, विचार व्योहार आदि को जानना जरूरी होता है।

सभ्यताओं को परिभाषित करने में बीते हुए गलत फैसलो और उनके परिणामों के अच्छे बुरे प्रभाव को बताने में इतिहास का बहुत बड़ा योगदान रहा है।

इतिहास में हम पढ़े है कि कुछ राजाओं का पतन उनके गलत फैसलों को जाहिर करता है और यह भी संदेश देता है कि उनका  ऐतिहासिक ज्ञान बहुत कमजोर था  । अधिकतर रुप में यह देखा गया है कि जो विचार तथ्यों के विरुद्ध राजनैतिक प्रभाव में लिए गए हैं  वह फैसले समाज के लिए विष परिणमित हुए हैं।  इन्हीं सब कारणों से इतिहास एक महत्वपूर्ण विषय बन जाता है। हम यह कह सकते हैं कि इतिहास भूत कालीन वर्तमान का इतिहास है।

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How to Create Procedure in MSWLogo For class 5

In this video Logo procedure explained . Three symmetrical shapes are explained with MSWLogo software and taught about the mathematical calculation to gather the complete idea about MSWLogo procedure and Repeat command.

  • A special shape,
  • H- letter,
  • and
  • + sign

Examples have been explained with these shapes as shown in the image. Repeat command has been used.
Steps of creating procedure are given below:
step 1: Write To Name of the Procedure
step 2: Write body i.e. all commands. example: Command for special special shape - repeat 4 [ FD 150 LT 90 FD 90 LT 90 FD 90 LT 90 FD 150]
Or
Command for making H - repeat [FD 130 RT 90 FD 60 RT 90 FD 100 LT 90 FD 80 LT 90 FD 100 RT 90 FD 60 RT 90 FD 130]
Or
Command for making + sign- repeat 4 [ FD 185 RT 90 FD 50 RT 90 FD 185 LT 90]
Or
Command for making double + sign (one outside and another inside)- repeat 4 [ FD 220 RT 90 FD 50 RT 90 FD 185 LT 90 FD 185 RT 90 FD 50 RT 90 FD 220]
step 3: Write End.

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Oct 21, 2015

Newton's Second Law of Motion For Class 9

Newton's Second law of motion: It states that rate of change of momentum is directly proportional to unbalance external force. And change of momentum is in the direction of unbalance force.
Mathematical Derivation:

Mathematical Derivation of Newton

Initial momentum , Pi = mu
Final momentum , Pf = mv
Change in momentum ,∆p = Pf - Pi
       = mv - mu
But we know that rate of change of momentum is directly proportional to the applied unbalanced force.
∴ F ∝ ∆p/t
or F ∝ (mv - mu ) / t/
Or F ∝ m. ( v -u )/t
Or F ∝ m. a , Where a= Acceleration
Or F = k. m. a ,
Or F = 1. m. a , In SI system K=1
F = m. a




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Oct 20, 2015

Newton's First Law of Motion Class 9 | Law of Inertia

Newton's First Laws of Motion { Law of Inertia }- It states that a body continue in its state of rest or of uniform motion until it is comepelled by any external unbalance forces.

This laws is also known as law of inertia.

Inertia is the proerty of a body which cause it to maintain its state of motion or rest.

Unbalanced Forces : When two unequal forces acts on an object and the object change its state then we say that the forces are unbalance.
Unbalance forces can be understood from example of tug of war.
Watch this video.

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List of Hindi Difficult Words

Learning Hindi is easy if we are going in right way. Many of us are struggling for Hindi learning. We already have created Youtube videos for learning hindi . However We need practice to write correctly.

This is the list of Hindi words in which a student of class 5 have created mistakes are. This is a tested list of words. I think many students do mistakes while writing these Hindi words. I suggest you to practice these words and post your mistakes if possible. There are Videos at the end for learning Hindi


उचित 
पछताएगा
न्याय
गिर
बकरी
पेचिश
पीलिया
त्वचा
योग्य
मानव
इकाई
व्यवस्थित
वर्णमाला
उच्चारण
व्यवस्थापना
उच्चारित 
इकाईयां
तुम्हारे 
विवाह 
धृष्टता
दूँगी
पक्षी
विशेष
समाज
ब्राह्मण
पहरा
कार्य
प्राप्त
खरीद


शीतल
जादू
स्वच्छ
वायु
बीमारी
पढ़ने
अकाल
समस्याए 
प्रयोग
अविष्कार
देवदार
रसायनों
आत्मकथा
परिशान
बचाया
चंगुल
कूदना
भावना
सहभागिता
पढ़ाई
निगरानी
चिंता
मौखिक
संस्कृत
इसलिए
देवनागरी
लिपि
उचित
विमाला
ओतिकड़म
चमत्कार
उपाय
सरोवर
घाटी


मराठी
पहाड़ी
द्रव्यवाचक
परिवर्तन
मात
मातृत्व
व्यक्ति
घाल
छाल
ईट
आदि
सुरक्षित
आविष्कार
इतिहास
छिप
अनुशासन
बढ़ती
बढ़
मुख्यमंत्री
नदी
मंत्रिया
अचानक
दीवार
कर्ज
शिक्षक
फलस्वरूप
निश्चित









Watch my channel for more Hindi videos.

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Oct 14, 2015

In triangle ABC, AB > AC. | E is the mid-point of BC | and AD is perpendicular to BC

In triangle ABC, AB > AC. E is the mid-point of BC and AD is perpendicular to BC.
Prove that
AB2 + AC2 = 2.AE2 + 2.BE2

Solution: In ∆ ABD AB2 = AD 2 + BD 2
Or AB2 = AD 2 + (BE + ED ) 2
Or AB2 = AD 2 + BE 2 + 2. BE . ED + ED 2
Or AB2 = AE 2 + BE 2 + 2. BE . ED -----(i)
In ∆ ADC AC2 = AD 2 + CD 2
OR AC2 = AD2 + ( CE - ED) 2
Or AC2 = AD2 + CE 2 - 2. CE . ED + ED 2
Or AC2 = AE2 + CE 2 - 2. CE . ED ------(ii)
Adding equation 1 and situation 2 we have:
AB2 + AC2 = AE2 + AE2 + BE2 + CE2 + 2. BE . ED - + 2. CE . ED
Or AB2 + AC2 = AE2 + AE2 + BE2 + BE2 + 2. BE . ED - 2. BE . ED (As BE = CE )
AB2 + AC2 = 2 AE2 + 2BE2 Proved

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Sep 22, 2015

Importance of Forest Essay in Hindi | वन का महत्व निबंध |

    वन प्राण हैं - वन हमारी शान हैं ||

  • वन मुख्य रूप से लकड़ी के स्रोत के लिए जाने जाते हैं।
  • लेकिन वास्तविक रूप से वन इससे बड़ा काम करते हैं।
  • वन जलवायु को नियंत्रित करने मे बड़ी भूमिका निभाते हैं ।
  • ये प्रदूषण को भी नियंत्रित करते हैं।
  • सबसे बड़ी बात यह है की वन जीव जंतुओं का घर है ।
  • आक्सीजन की भरपाई तो मुख्य रूप से वन ही करते हैं ।
  • आक्सीजन के बिना हम नहीं रह सकते हैं तो वन के बिना हम कैसे जीवन का अस्तित्व बना कर रख पाएँगे
  • किंतु मनुष्य वनों की कटाई मे कमी नही कर रहे हैं।
  • वन हमे अद्भुत छाया देते हैं ।
  • हमे थकान के उपरांत शरण देते हैं ।
  • वायुमंडल मे पानी को उपलब्ध करते हैं जिससे बारिश होती है ।
  • वन सभी तरह के जीवों को समाहित करते हैं ।
  • इस तरह ये खद्य शृंखला को बनाए रखने मे महत्वपूर्ण भूमिका निभा रहे हैं ।
  • वन की कटाई तुरंत रोकनी चाहिए ।
  • हमारे देश मे और विश्व मे भी वन कटाई को रोकने के बहुत सारे विधि हैं ।
  • लेकिन ये विधि पूरी तरह से सफल नही हैं ।
  • सभी को वनों के महत्व को समझना पड़ेगा और अधिक से अधिक वन लगाने होंगे
  • ग्लोबल वॉरमिंग का मुख्य कारण वनो का विनाश ही है ।
  • इस तरह हम कह सकते हैं की हमे वनों की उपयोगिता को समझना पड़ेगा ।
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Sep 16, 2015

The Ballad of Father Gilligan English Literature for Class 8

Q(01) Why was Father Gilligan 'weary'? Why was he unable to rest?

Ans: Father Gilligan was tired because he has to work night and day. Most of the people in the village were either sick or have died. At their sick bed, they were calling father Gilligan for prayer and peaceful journey of the soul.
Hence, father has to attend them.

Q(02) When did Father Gilligan realise when he awoke from sleep? What did he do then?

Ans: Father Gilligan realised that, he has slept throughout the evening and woke up early in the next morning.

As soon as he woke up he stood upright on the floor and roused his horse put of its sleep. He then rode away to that sick man's house.    

Q(03)What did he learn from the sick man's wife?

Ans:  When Father Gilligan reached the sick man house he learnt that the man had died an hour gap.

Q(04) What made Father Gilligan kneel down?

Ans:  When father Gilligan was taking rest, a sick man at his dead bed called for him. During about the call father grumbled that he have no time for rest, joy nor peace as people are dying in that village every now and then. Same that he realised his mistake and kneel down before God asking for forgiveness.

Q(05) What is your impression of Father Gilligan

Ans:  Father Gilligan is a hard working person. He is simple God loving man who care for human beings. He never use any harsh word and think bad for others.He has complete faith in God.     

Q(06)What message is the poet trying to convey through the story

Ans:  The message ,the poet is trying to convey through this poem is that God help those who help others.Father Gilligan who have complete faith in God felt asleep when he was supposed to be beside a sick man .But when he was sleeping God sent his messenger in disguise of Father Gilligan to the sick man's house .God knew Father Gilligan was extremely tired so God helped him at the time of need.     

Q(07) What does the speaker mean by 'My body spake not I'

Ans:  The speaker meant that he had not grumbled on the sick man from his heart. His body was extremely tired so his body grumbled not he.     

Reference to the Context.

(1) And after cried 'God forgive my body ........

Q(1-a) What did the speaker say just before he said these words.

Ans:  Just before this speaker grumbled that due to attending the sick people he is extremely tired and has no time for rest,joy , peace because in the village people are dying due to an epidemic.     

Q(1-b) Why does the speakers ask for God forgiveness?.

Ans:  The speaker is a priest who is not supposed to grumble when people needed him .Moreover ,he grumbled on a man who was about to die so he asked for God's help.     

(2) 'When you were gone he turned and deed as merry as a bird.'

Q(2-a)Who is the speaker

Ans:  The speaker is the sick man's wife .     

Q(2-b) Who does 'you' refer to

Ans:  'you' is referred to Father Gilligan.     

Q(2-c) What incident is the speaker referring to

Ans:  The sick man called for Father Gilligan .When Father Gilligan reached the sick man's house in the next morning the sick man's wife was surprised to see the father .She told that father had already come an hour ago and visited the sick man.     

(3) 'He who is wrapped in people robes........'

Q(05)Who is the speaker?

Ans:  The speaker is Father Gilligan.     

Q(05) Who is 'He'

Ans:  'He' is referred to God.     

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Sep 9, 2015

Velocity Time Graph For Class 9 | Physics

Velocity-Time graph gives two most important parameter.
1) Its slope gives the acceleration.
2. The area under the curve gives the distance traveled by an object.
Here we will derive velocity(v = u + at) equation as shown the figure.
And
we will also derive graphically distance (s = ut + 1/2 a t2) equation. Analytically we can derive velocity equation as follow.

s = distance
v = final velocity
u = initial velocity
t = time

Acceleration = rate of change of velocity.
a = (v-u) /t
at = v - u
v = u + at Which is the equation of velocity.

Analytical derivation of distance equation.

distance = velocity x time
s = v.t
If the acceleration is uniform , then velocity will change its value uniformlly. i.e. v= 1/2 (v + u)
s = v.t
s = 1/2 (v + u). t
But v = u+ at
Putting the value of v in above equation we get
s = 1/2 {(u + at) + u}. t
s = 1/2 (2u + at). t
s = 1/2 .2u. t + 1/2. at 2
s = u t + 1/2 at 2 Which is the equation of distance in terms of u and t

Let us explain this graph. An object start moving with an initial velocity u . It moves with this constant velocity (u) for T second. After that it retards with acceleration a and stops after t second. After that it returns backward and accelerat for t second with an acceleration a. See the negative side graph of y-axis. It accelerates for t seconds. Then it moves with constant velocity u for further T seconds and come back to its original position. The distance covered is same in the forward and backward journey. Therefore area under the upper curve and lover curve is same. .

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Sep 8, 2015

Postmaster for Class 8 Question Answer English Literature

Reference to The Context

(1)Thus they talked about half forgotten incidents, forgetting about matters of greater importance ,and often it would get very late.

Q(a):    Who does 'they' refer to? What would they talk about ?

Ans. :    They referred to Ratan and the Postmaster. They would talk about Ratan's family.Postmaster used to ask Ratan if she remembered her matter and their conversation would start.


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Q ( b  ):    What happened when it got very late?

Ans. :    If they got very late the postmaster would feel too lazy to cook and Ratan would quickly light a fire and toast some unleavened bread.This along with the cold leftover of the morning meal was enough for this supper.


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Q ( c ):    What does 'forgetting about matters of greater importance' mean here?

When postmaster and Ratan would strike up a conversation they would forget that the dinner needed to be cooked.


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(3)  It got late, but he never called out for her. Slowly she entered the room and found him stretched out on the bed.

Q (  ):   

Ans. :   

Q ( 3-a  ):    Why was Ratan waiting outside for the call ?

Ans. :    Ratan was waiting outside for the call of the postmaster because postmaster was teaching her to read and write .The little student was waiting for the call of her master so tha she could start her daily class.


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Q (3-b ):    Why do you think he never called out for her ?

Ans. :    The postmaster was not feeling well .He was sick so he did not call Ratan.


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Q ( 3-c ):    How did she responded when he called out to her ? What does this tell out about her nature ?

Ans. :    Ratan thought that the postmaster was asleep. So she tip-toed her way out of the room. Then she heard him call her.She asked the postmaster if he was sleeping. It tells us Ratan was introvert and she never stepped into a place where she was not wanted. She knew her position and never disobeyed her master.


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(4)  Relieved from her nursing duties , Ratan once gain took up her old place outside the door ,but now she no longer heard the familiar call.

Q ( 4-a ):    Who was Ratan nursing and why?

Ans. :    Ratan was nursing the postmaster because the postmaster was sick and he had no one there to look after him.


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Q ( 4-b  ):    How had the illness affected her patient ? What did he do as a result of it ?

Ans. :    The postmaster was depressed due to his illness. He remembered his mother and sister and missed the comfort of their presence. As a result of this, postmaster applied for his transfer.


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Q ( C ):    How did their routine change due to this?

Ans. :    Ratan stepped into the roll of mother and nursed the postmaster . She called the village doctor, gave him medicine and cooked his meal .After postmaster recovered,Ratan once again took up her own place outside the door. But she was no longer called by the postmaster.


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Q ( D ):    Wht was Ratan no longer called for ? What had happened?

Ans. :    The postmaster had applied for his transfer .He was very eagerly waiting for a response to his application .So Ratan was not called. Postmaster was highly tensed if his application would he accepted or not.He was absent minded and spent more of his time sitting on his chair or lying on his bed.


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(5 )  Ratan asked no further questions.

Q ( a ):    Who did Ratan not question further and why?

Ans. :    Ratan did not asked any further question to the postmaster because she was shocked to hear about the final departure of the postmaster from the villege .Morepver, she tried to stay within her limits .As a maid servant it was not possible for her to ask any further question.


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Q ( b  ):    Did Ratan get an explanation ?

Ans. :    Yes, Ratan got an explanation .The postmaster of its own accord , went on to tell her how he had applied for a transfer and his application had resigned and was going home.


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(6) Dada ,will you take me home with you?

Q ( a ):    What led Ratan to ask this question?

Ans. :    The postmaster had resigned from his job and was going back home.Ratan,an orphan girl , had statred depending on the postmaster and thought herself as a member of his family .If postmaster leaves,she would become alone again.So, she had asked this question.


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Q ( b  ):    What response did she get?

Ans. :    What response did she get? Ans:In response to her question ,she was taunted by the postmaster.The postmaster laughed and said that it was not possible to take her alon with him.But he did not find it necessary to explain to her why it was an impossible idea.


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Q ( c  ):    Having heard the reply ,how did she fed?

Ans. :    Ratan herself felt humiliated .All through the night ,she could not sleep properly .In her dream, the postmaster's laughing reply haunted her.


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Sep 2, 2015

Prateek travels from Agra to Delhi to buy goods which he get 10 % cheaper in Delhi

Prateek travels from Agra to Delhi to buy goods which he gets 10 percent cheaper in Delhi than in Agra . if his journey  expenses are Rs. 160.00 and he earns Rs. 240.00 by selling goods at Agra; calculate :
i) the price of the goods at Delhi
and
ii) his profit percent

Solution:

Let the price of goods at Agra is Rs '×'
. ∴ its price at Delhi will be 90 x / 100
His travelling  cost = Rs 160.00
∴ his total cost price, CP = (9x/10 + 160)
Profit = Rs. 240
As per condition, We can write:
x- (9x/10 + 160) = 240
or x- 9x/10 - 160 = 240
or x- 9x/10 = 240 + 160
Or x/10 = 400
∴ x = 4000
i)
∴ Price at Delhi = 9x/10
             = (9 . 4000)10
             = Rs. 3600
ii)
His %age profit = (Profit / CP )x 100
          = (240 / 4000)x 100
           =20 /3 %
           =6 2/3%

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Heaven's Lake Question Answer For Class English Literature

Q(01) Briefly describe the author's journey from Urumqi to Heaven Lake . What       does Heaven Lake look like ?

Ans: Author went to Heaven Lake from Urumqi by a public bus . Soon, they were      in open country side , with fields of sunflower as far as the eye could see.      Where there was no water , the land reverted to desert .In the distance , the      tall range of Mount Bogda was his destination .As the bus climbed, the sky brilli      ant before had grown overcast and rain began to fall . The bus window leaked inhospitably      but revealed a beautiful view. The ground is then green with grass, the slope      dark with pine . A few cattle were drinking at a clear stream. The stream changes      into a white torrent as they climb higher.                     Heaven lake is a long , fish -shaped and fed by snow melt      from a stream at its head.

Q(02) How did Mr Cap react when the author expressed his desire to go for a swim in the       in the  lake ?

Ans: When author asked Mr. Cao whether the lake was good for swimming in or not, he      questioned him in return if author was not thinking of swimming . When authord      asked him about the nature of the water in the Heaven Lake , he did not answered      him immediately , turning instead to examine some receipts with exaggerated      interest.    

Q(03) How did John and the author spend a day at the smallice blue pool?

Ans:  The day John was leaving ,they went down to the small ice-blue pool with       a picnic lunch provided by Mr. Cao. It drizzled and was brilliantly sunny       turns.They made a fire in the lee of a rock, swim , sun themselves or shiver       before the fire as the weather alternate.They ate drank and were merry.

Q(04) After John left , how did the author spend the 'extra day or two'at Heaven       Lake?

Ans:  Author spent the days roaming around by the head of the lake, watching herdsmen       crossed the stream delta with cattle and horses walking towards the snowline       or reading confucuis Analects. He lay on the rock and read very slowly ,       pausing of orange. He walked back along the shore by boulders and junniper       bushes.

Q(05) Describe, in brief , the author's experience of buying a cap at Urumqi.

Ans:  Author led to a shop with all kinds of shop displayed by it's doorway. The      The interior of the shop was dengy . Inside the shop , there was an old be      apectacles , bearded man and the boy of about twelve .Author selected a cap      which costs three yuan. When the old man and the boy that the author was from      Hindustan , they not only reduced the price of the cap but also restricted      it firmly , as the author would be travelling a long way .Many children gathered      at the door of the shop to gaze the man from India.     

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Confessions of a Humorist Question Answer for Class 8 English Literature

                      

Q(01)What was the occasion on which the author gamed reputation as a humouist?       How did it happen?

Ans: The occasion on which the author get reputation as a humorist was  the fiftieth birthday of the senior partner , of the store where narrator     worked. The employees in the store bought a silver inhstand for the senior      partner crowded into his private office to present it.Narrator as a          spokesman made a little speech with full of funny twists and funs.It make    hit Author's reputation of a humorist dates from that  morning.

Q(02)What was the 'gift' that he cultivated?What was the nature of this gift?

Ans: Author believed possessed considerable wit .This was the gift he     cultivated. The nature of it was kindly and genial , not running to sarcasm or        offending others.

Q(03)What according to the author , was the cost of becoming a humorist ?

Ans: Author becamd a famous humorist , saved thousand dollars and lived in comfort .But for all these he had to sacrifice his friends , amusements, enjoyment of life and happiness of his family. acquaintances .

Q(04) Descrining in your own words how the author became a 'vampire' to his acquaintances.

Ans: Narrator became a vampire to his acquaintances.Annious , haggard, greedy,he stored among them like a veritable hilljoy.A bright saying fall from their lips and I was after it like a hound.He dared not trust my memory , but turning aside guiltely and meanly, he would make a note of it in my ever -present memorandum book for my future use.

Q(05)'And yet I was doing well financially'.Why does the author use the word 'yet'? 

Ans: Author became a famous humotist saved thousand dollars and lived in comfort. But for all these he had to sacrifice his friend , amusements, enjoyment of life and happiness of his family.

Q(06)What made the author opt for a partnership in the undertaning business ?Do you think it was the right choice for your answer.

Ans: Author's fame as a humorist made him loose his friends, amusements enjoyments of lives.He had to sacrifice the happiness of his family but under the influence of peter Haffel bower he began to improve in spirits but his work began to suffer .He received rejections from the editors.So when the Peter gave him  the proposal to join his profitable business, he readily accepted it.

Reference to the context

(1)   We areed that I must resign by place at the store and devote myself to humour .

Q(a) Who does 'we' refer to ?

Ans: 'We' referred to narrator and his wife Louisa .

Q(b) What led to the author's decision to resign from his job at the store?

Ans: Author was becoming famous as a humorist. His jokes were published in periodicals.One day he received a letter from the editor of a famous weekly publication to joun the newspaper as a regular columnist .The money offered was much higher than the amount paid to the narrator by the hardware firm.Therefore he took the decision to ressign from his job.

Q(b) What led to the author's decision to resign from his job at the store?

Ans: Author was becoming famous as a humorist .His jokes were published in periodicals. One day he received a letter from the editor of a famous weekly publication to join the newspaper as a regular columnist.The money offered was much higher than the amount paid to the narrator by the hardware firm.Therefore he took the decision to resign from his job.

Q(c) How did he devote himself to humour?

Ans: Author used to spend five hours in a little room of the kitchen .There was table , chair ,writing pad,ink and pipe tray.He used to sit there for five hours before the dinner and write down the articles.

(2)     I was not the same man.

Q(a) What happened to the author ?

Ans: Author was not the same man because once he had furnished people with entertainment .People used to smile when they saw him coming and after him the smile used to broaden into a laugh .But after five or six months, spontalety departed from his humour .He became a vampire who such humor from other and became a prey upon the people for humour.

Q(b) What had happened to the author?

Ans: When author changed , everyone began to avoid him.He had no friends, no amusements, no enjoyments of life. Author's children avoided him as a pert when they would see their father nearby ,they would gather their toys scurry away to some safer hiding places.

(3) I was dreading to tell my wife about it.

Q(a) What is 'it' being referred to here?

Ans: Here 'it' refers to author's becoming the business partner of Peter Heffelbower's undertaking business.

Q(b) Why was author *******

Ans: Author was a famous humorist whose articles and every bytes were published in the newspaper .He Was reputed and respected in the locality .Moerover he earned a huge money by writing in the newspaper.Later on author joint undertaking business of Peter Heffelbower.So from a shining star to a very dull and not a popular profession would make his wife sad .So he hesitated about sharing it with his wife.

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OP, OQ and OR are drawn perpendiculars to the sides BC, CA and AB of ∆ ABC |Prove that AR2 +BP2 +CQ2 = AQ 2 + CP 2+BR2

In the following figure, OP, OQ and OR are drawn perpendiculars to the sides BC, CA and AB respectively of triangle ABC. Prove that AR2 +BP2 +CQ2 = AQ 2 + CP 2+BR2

solution :

Construction : joinA-0, BO and CO . For ∆ OAR, we can write:
AR2 = OA2 - OR2 ------ Eqn. (I)
For ∆ OBR, we can write:
BP2 = OB2 - OR2 ------ Eqn. (II)
For ∆ OCQ, we can write:
CQ2 = OC2 - OQ2 ------ Eqn. (III)
Adding Eqn. (I), (II) & (III) , We get:
AR2 +BP2 +CQ2 = OA2+OB2+OC2-OR2-OP2-OQ2
        = ( OA2 - OQ2 ) + ( OB2 -OR2 ) + ( OC2 -OP2 )
        = AQ 2 + CP 2+BR2    Proved

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Diagonals of rhombus ABCD intersect each other at point O. Prove that OA2+ OC2=2AD2-BD2/2

Question: Diagonals of rhombus ABCD intersect each other at point O. Prove that OA2 + OC2= 2AD2 + BD2/2

Solution: In ∆ AOD
OA2 = AD2 - OD2 -------------Eqn (i)
In ∆ OBC
OC2 = BC2 - OB2 -------------Eqn (ii)
Adding Eqn (i) & Eqn (ii) We get,
OA2 + OC2 = AD2 - OD2 + BC2 - OB2
        = AD2 - OD2 + AD2 - OB2
        = 2AD2 - OD 2 OB 2
        = 2AD2 - (BD/2) 2 -(BD/2)2
        = 2AD2 - BD2/4 -BD2/4
        = 2AD2 - BD2/2 Proved

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AB = BC and AD is perpendicular to CD. Prove that AC2 = 2.BC. DC

Question: In the figure AB = BC and AD is perpendicular to CD. Prove that AC2 = 2.BC. DC

solution : In ∆ ADC
AC2 = AD2 + DC2
AC2 = AB2 - BD2 + DC2(AS ABD is a right angled triangle)
or AC2 = AB2 + DC2 - BD2
AC2 = AB2 + DC2 - ( DC-BC )2
or AC2 = AB2 + DC2 - (DC2 + BC 2 -2 DC. BC)
or AC2 = AB2 + DC2 - DC2 - BC 2 + 2 DC. BC
or AC2 = AB2 - AB 2 + 2 DC. BC (As AB = BC )
.'. AC2 = 2 DC. BC Proved

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Aug 25, 2015

ABCD is a parallelogram | Prove that ∆ BCF and ∆ DFE are equal in area

ABCD is a parallelogram , a line trhough A cuts DC at oint F and BC produced at E Prove that ∆ BCF is equal in area to ∆ DFE.

Construction: AC is joined.


AB || CD and AD || BC .
Now ∆ ACE and ∆ DCE are on the same base CE and between sane parallel lines AD and AE . Therefore
∆ ACE = ∆ DCE
∆ ACE - ∆ FCE = ∆ DCE - ∆ FCE
∴ ∆ ACF = ∆ DFE
Now ∆ ACF and ∆ BCF are on the same base and between same parallel .
∴ ∆ ACF = ∆ BCF
∴ ∆ DFE = ∆ BCF

Proved

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Aug 20, 2015

Question Answer of Ozymandias | English Literature

Question 1:What did the traveler see in the desert ?
Answer 1: The traveler from the ancient land saw a broken statue in the desert . There he saw two large and trunkless legs of stone standing in the desert. Near them on the sand was the face of the statue half - sunk in the sand .

Question 2: Describe the face of the statue.
Answer 2: The face of the statue had a stern look with a mark of command.There was frown on the face , the lips were wrinkled with a sneer of cold command .

Question 3:What does the face say about the sculptor of the statue?

Answer 3: The sculptor had very nicely understood the character of the person and carved the statue very beautifully showing each and every expression of the person .He had sculpted the statue showing the mark of each and every emotions of the man on the face of the statue . The work had been done very sincerely from his heart.

Question 4 : Whose statue was it?

Answer 4: The statue was of the king Ozymandias, king of kings written by Percy Bysshe Shelley.

Question 5: Whose hand and whose heart are being referred to in 8 line of the poem?

Answer 5: The sculptor's 'hand' and 'heart' are being referred to here in the poem Ozymandias.

6. Explain the phrases in the context of the poem:


Question 6: a) A shatter'd visage-
Answer >>
Question 6: b) Wrinlked lip and sneer of cold command-
Answer >>
Question6: c) Colossal wreck -
Answer >>

Q(07) Answer these questions with reference to the context :


1)'My name is Ozymandias , kings of kings: Look on my works , ye Mighty ,and despair!' Nothing beside remains.

Question 7a: (a) Who is Ozymandias addressing as 'ye Mighty '?
Answer >>
Question 7b: (b) Does the line spoken by Ozymandias suggest anything about his character? Iy yes, what does it suggest?
Answer >>
Question 7c: (c) What does the nattator mean by , 'Nothing beside remains'?
Answer >>


Answer starts below:

Explanation of phrases starts below:

Answer 6 a:The above phrase is taken from the poem Ozymandias written by Percy Bysshe Shelley .A shatter'd visage means a broken face . The traveler from the antique land saw two vast and trunless legs of stone standing i the desert . Near them on the sand was the broken face of the statue lying half-sunk int the sand.


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Answer 6b:The Esabove phrase is taken from the poem Ozymandias written by Percy Bysshe Shelley.It means there were fold in the lips and the mark of aggressive command on the lips .The above phrase tells us about the character of the king Ozymandias whose broken statue has been found in the desert . He was the man who thought himself to be almighty and born to give orders to others.


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Answer 6c:The above phraze is taken from the poem Ozymandias written th Percy Bysshe Shelley . It means the very large size of the statue .The word colossal also emphasizes the scope of Ozymandias's ambitions as well . He also had to a build a really big statue .


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7. Reference to context Answer starts below:

Answer 7a: Ozymandias brags about his " works". May be he is referring to his construction his temples and statues .He could also be calling attention to the numerous colossal statues of him .He might be telling the "mighty" to "despair" as a kind of warning.


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Answer 7b:Yes it suggests that Ozymandias is arrogant or he has grand idea about his own power.He is very proud of his construction of temples and numerous.


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Answer 7c:After the traveler recites the inscription of statue , he resumes his description of the statue and surrounding .Nothing is being remained besides the head , legs and pedestal, as it is not known that the statue has been destroyed . So the traveler tells again it is a "colossal wreck".


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2 He said I wonder if I will meet those officers again Begin: He wondered that

1. He said I wonder if I will meet those officers again. ( Begin: He wondered that.... ) Ans.He wondered if he would meet those officer...